The bill of lading number, ship number, time, and port of entry and exit are all the same, but when they pick up the goods, they find that the goods are not their own.
False Bill of lading new trick, let's see what's going on.
In February, Shenzhen Chiwan Eastern Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd.(hereinafter referred to as the Eastern Supply Chain), which is engaged in the import of parallel cars, encountered such a strange thing. In the case of the payment of money to the seller, the 70 Land Rover vehicles it purchased were "strangely missing." The purchase price was also lost.
"The shipping Bill of lading the seller gave me was verified by four banks. The cargo information can be consulted at any time on the carrier's website of China Ocean Shipping. However, when we took the goods, we were told that the bills of lading did not match. We later discovered that the bill of lading was forged. On September 25, Zhaoli, general manager of the Eastern Supply Chain, said to the reporter that this case.
According to reporters interviewed by many parties, this is a rare case of forged Bill of lading fraud: in order to protect the privacy of the cargo owner, the bill of lading number can only query information such as the port and time of the logistics on the official website of the carrier, and can not inquire about the type of goods and the name of the consignee. The bank that delivers the bill of lading also only conducts formal examination of the bill of lading. It is difficult for the cargo owner to distinguish the authenticity of the bill of lading by the naked eye. This gives room for fraud.
"The bill of lading is only a document. It is difficult to say what Anti-Counterfeiting marks are, and maritime fraud usually involves a large amount of money and is generally more sophisticated. "In the short term, there seems to be no better solution than to resort to legal means afterwards," said one shipping analyst. In the long run, it may be necessary to rely on technical means, such as electronic documentation, data transmission informatization, and more transparent business systems. "
40 million missing goods, supplier's on the run.
On February 28, the staff of the Eastern Supply Chain boarded the Tianjin Xingang Pier and prepared to extract a number of Land Rover vehicles that had already been purchased. This batch of Land Rover was commissioned by China International Trade(Tianjin) Co., Ltd.(hereinafter referred to as China Investment Corporation) a year ago by the Eastern Supply Chain and Associated Company to Germany's AUTOMANO GMBH company. The cargo was 70 Land Rover vehicles valued at 40 million yuan. RMB. However, when the staff arrived at the port, they were surprised to find that the contents of the bill of lading in their possession did not match the manifest information registered by the carrier system and the delivery was refused.
The reporter looked at the scanned copy of the maritime Bill of lading provided by Zhaoli and found that the bill of lading does not appear to be different from the normal Bill of lading. The marked goods and consignees are the eastern supply chain. The loading and unloading port and the loading and unloading time on the COSCO shipping official website through the bill of lading number are also the same as the bill of lading. However, after the delivery of the goods was refused, COSCO Shipping stated that the goods belonging to the bill of lading number had been taken away. The bill of lading obtained by the Eastern Supply Chain was forged.
After the incident, the supplier AUTOM company also "went to the floor". The reporter found that the official website of the German company was no longer able to log in and the contact phone could not be opened.
Zhaoli told reporters that according to its "agency import agreement" signed with Zhongjin Company, due to the suspected submission of forged documents by the suppliers designated by Zhongjin Company, the Dongfang Supply Chain and related companies were unable to collect goods after handling foreign exchange charges(advance payment)., constitutes a breach of contract, The corresponding responsibility is borne by Zhongjin Company, but Zhongjin Company refuses to pay for it. The Eastern Supply Chain will therefore bring Zhongjin Company to court.
The reporter looked up the industrial and commercial information and found that the Oriental Supply Chain is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Shenzhen Chiwan Oriental Logistics Co., Ltd., China Nanshan Development(Group) Co., Ltd., and the major shareholder of Nanshan Development is China Merchants Bureau; Zhongjin Co., Ltd. is wholly owned by Zhongqian Guojing Industrial(Tianjin) Co., Ltd. and Zhongguo Guojing(Beijing) Information Consulting Co., Ltd.. The final major shareholder is the Training Center of the China Economic System Reform Research Association. The official website of the China Economic System Reform Research Association found that it belongs to the NDRC.
On July 24, the reporter contacted Wangjinkui, the person in charge of Zhongjin Company, several times. The other party always hung up or did not answer the phone. On the same day, the Beijing News reporter contacted Zhuxingwei, deputy director of Zhongjin Company. The other party stated that "the investigation has been filed and the bill of lading is indeed forged, but it is inconvenient for the party to comment on this, and all are subject to investigation."
On September 26, the reporter transferred to the Tianjin police who handled the case. The other party stated that he had no comment on the specific information; On the morning of September 27, the reporter repeatedly called the plane of the Tianjin Binhai New District Public Security Bureau through the check station, but the phone could not be connected.
How the information of the original bill of lading is disclosed is doubtful
Zhaoli told reporters that after the delivery of the goods was rejected, it submitted the original bill of lading to COSCO Shanghai headquarters for verification. After that, he received a written certificate stating that the bill of lading was forged, but for specific forgery methods, COSCO Shipping called this commercial secret. Not to be disclosed.
On September 25, COSCO informed reporters that the goods under the single number had been removed. "There is no problem with the bill of lading itself. Such incidents may be that the single number has been used fraudulently." When the reporter tried to contact the "real" owner of the bill of lading, COSCO Shipping stated that it protected the information of the employer. The identity of the consignee of the single number should not be disclosed.
A person engaged in parallel car import and export business told reporters that in this case, the high probability is that foreign suppliers used the data of the original bill of lading, but the most puzzling is how the supplier knew the data of the original bill of lading? And passing the bank verification means that the supplier not only infiltrated the carrier's data, but also "fooled" the bank.
Zhaoli told reporters that in the transaction, the eastern supply chain through the bank of China, minsheng bank, construction bank applied for the opening of international letters of credit, foreign suppliers through the German local German commercial bank in Hamburg delivered documents, including maritime bills of lading. "The bill of lading is bank certified, but because the bank has an exemption clause that only examines the form of the document, we do not know how to ultimately hold the bank responsible. "
Eastern supply chain staff in charge of the transaction told the Beijing news reporter that it is difficult for the consignee to identify with the naked eye whether the bill of lading is forged. "The description of the scanned goods of the ocean Bill of lading I received from the bank is identical to ours, and the bill of lading number, booking number, box number, port of shipment, port of destination, time of shipment, etc., shown on the bill of lading are all the same as those found on the official website of COSCO Shipping. The goods were issued by COSCO Germany and the bill of lading did not contain any bad notes on the surface condition of the goods. "
The shipping analyst told the Beijing News that because the bill of lading "recognizes no one", the employee's statement is very true. "It is indeed more difficult to distinguish the authenticity of the bill of lading. In the short term, there seems to be no better solution. It can only require all parties involved in the shipping business to continuously enhance the safety awareness of the transport document circulation link and learn relevant cases. In practice, pay more attention and exercise due diligence to minimize the occurrence of fraud. When fraud is detected, contact a lawyer for professional legal advice. "
The shipping analyst said that in the long run, the solution to these problems may need to rely on technical means, such as electronic documents, data transmission informatization, and more transparent business systems. "Although the concept of 'electronic bill of lading' has been proposed for many years, it has been advancing slowly. It is mainly due to the imbalance in the development of various countries and regions, while international shipping involves a wide range of regions. And although the electronic bill of lading can solve the problem of short-haul 'ship first arrival', for some global routes and long voyages, the bill of lading is often not later than the ship arrives at the port, and there is no need for Hedongli to implement it. "
"In short, we still expect that after the continuous development and popularization of new technologies such as block chains, coupled with the improvement of the construction of corporate credit systems, we will gradually solve the maritime fraud that exists on the bill of lading. "
Compared with some cheaters in China, these "foreign cheaters" tend to have higher "business quality" and are well-versed in trade, law, transportation, and finance. They have various means and strong concealment, so that export enterprises can not be prevented. Take an inventory of the international trade in the "foreign cheater" of all kinds of deception, I hope everyone will be more preventive in the future.
All kinds of deception of "foreign swindlers" disguised as agents of well-known buyers
Friends who often get mixed up in the front of the market know that the so-called "middlemen" are roughly divided into two types. One is the existence of an agent's identity and does not need to assume payment responsibilities; Another kind of self-procurement requires independent responsibility for payment.
Some bad middlemen, in the process of self-purchasing, will describe themselves as agents of a well-known buyer and mislead the company into thinking that the contract is signed with a well-known buyer. The responsibility for payment falls on a well-known buyer. After the company was "defaulted" by the well-known buyer and recovered, it was understood that the well-known buyer was not his own buyer nor was he responsible for payment. His own buyer was actually a middleman, and the middleman had already escaped.
Impersonating a well-known buyer
Some bad cheaters are more direct than the previous "foreign cheaters"-they directly order orders from other buyers. Such practices are increasingly common and easy to achieve. The reason is that in international trade, the contract is basically based on signatures, there is no need to seal, and the cost of forgery is very low.
As for how do fake companies pick up goods? Except for the registered Bill of lading, other bills of lading can generally be transferred. By simply endorsing the bill of lading, the fake company can directly pick up the goods in its own name.
Collusion, no consignment.
Control bill of lading is a common means for enterprises to control the collection of foreign exchange risk, such as using a copy of the bill of lading payment method. However, it is not uncommon for bills of lading to be in hand and the goods have been taken away by the buyer. How could the goods be delivered without a bill? That is because the export enterprise may not receive the bill of lading issued by the ship company, but the bill of lading issued by the freight forwarder; In the FOB case in particular, the forwarder is appointed by the buyer, and some forwarders have dealings with the buyer and often follow the buyer's instructions.
Aren't these freight forwarders afraid of the defendant? It is very difficult to sue these freight forwarders in China. Many freight forwarders have no registration or business establishment in China. Even if there is an establishment in China, it is mostly small in size and low in recoverability.
Use of transport documents that do not control cargo rights
A prerequisite for the letter of credit and D/P control risk is that the document will be returned after the letter of credit is inconsistent or the D/P is rejected, and the goods can be controlled. However, many international transport documents(including some bills of lading) do not represent documents of property rights, control documents, and can not control property rights. In these cases, the transport company often did not violate international operating practices and the prosecution of the transportation company failed. Some cunning fraudsters will take advantage of the fact that these documents can not control the rights of the goods and specify under the letter of credit, D/P, to require the submission of these transport documents, and then reject the documents while taking away the goods.
Use of loopholes in special customs policies
Some(regions) have special regulations on the return of goods. After the goods are rejected, the export enterprise must obtain a written statement of the original buyer's consent to return the goods if it wants to pull them back or transfer to a third country. If the buyer can not cooperate or prove the ownership of the goods by other means, the goods will be auctioned by the customs after a certain period of time.
Some of these cheaters used this special customs rule to defraud Chinese companies. In general, these cheaters do not directly refuse the goods, but find various reasons to delay payment, the purpose is to drag the auction time as much as possible. As the auction time approaches, the true face of these cheaters will be exposed and demanded to be sold to him at a very low price.
Network hacker fraud
Some undesirable elements, seize the modern international trade use of electronic mail communication more and more frequent characteristics, using modern information technology means fraud. Generally, foreign buyers receive instructions to change the receipt account after receiving the goods and before paying for the goods(in fact, the mail is manipulated by "network hackers" to invade unilateral or bilateral mail systems. The buyer has created the illusion that the export enterprise requires it to change the remittance route, thus achieving the criminal purpose of defrauding the purchase price.) Once the buyer had paid in accordance with the instructions, the purchase price was quickly transferred or withdrawn. When the exporting enterprise failed to check the purchase price with the buyer because of the delay in receiving the purchase price, the two parties discovered that the purchase price was deceived.
Using bank irregularities
Letters of credit and D/P are relatively safe payment methods under certain conditions, but some banks that are financially backward(regions) do not operate in accordance with international rules. For example, the bank of the importing country did not receive the buyer's payment under D/P, or the buyer's payment and acceptance document was not given to the buyer under L/C. The "foreign fraudster" used this irregular operation of the bank to defraud the export company of its goods.
Fake bank staff
In some forms of payment settled through banks, such as bank collection, the bank of our country usually sends a complete set of documents by international mail at an address instructed by foreign countries. After the importing bank receives the document, the buyer is prompted to pay or accept the redemption document. Some "foreign fraudsters" impersonate the staff of the bank of the importing country, give the wrong foreign bank address and impersonate to receive the mail, and do not need payment or acceptance to easily defraud the bill of lading.